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press release 24 Nov 2022
commentary 21 Nov 2022
This commentary examines why there has been an increase in non-EU migration to the UK and what we can expect over the coming years.
commentary 04 Nov 2022
This short commentary outlines some key statistics about Albanian asylum seekers in the UK and the EU more broadly.
press release 02 Nov 2022
press release 25 Aug 2022
press release 15 Aug 2022
commentary 10 Jun 2022
The UK government has officially announced that it is going to send people who arrive in the UK to seek asylum to the Republic of Rwanda. This commentary answers some common questions about the Rwanda asylum policy and its implications.
press release 26 May 2022
press release 29 Mar 2022
press release 24 Feb 2022
press release 02 Dec 2021
press release 30 Nov 2021
press release 25 Nov 2021
commentary 21 Oct 2021
This commentary provides data and analysis about Afghan refugees and asylum seekers in the UK following the withdrawal of western forces, the collapse of the Afghan government and the seizure of power by the Taliban.
press release 26 Aug 2021
press release 30 Jul 2021
press release 27 Jul 2021
commentary 02 Jul 2021
Continued reports of migrants trying to reach the UK by crossing the English Channel in small boats have intensified debate about unauthorised migration and asylum seeking. This Q&A reviews what we know about small boat arrivals in the UK.
commentary 28 Jun 2021
The EUSS deadline is not the end of the story. From July 1, EUSS moves to its next phase. This commentary outlines a few key issues and looks at what happens next.
press release 28 Jun 2021
commentary 08 Jun 2021
New Home Office data give a glimpse into the new post-Brexit immigration system. The data show low take-up of the new visa system among EU citizens, although as this commentary explains, it is still too early to judge the impact that the immigration system itself is having on EU migration.
press release 27 May 2021
press release 16 Apr 2021
commentary 23 Mar 2021
This commentary outlines a few of the ways in which the landscape facing policymakers and practitioners working on migrant integration might change as a result of the new immigration system.
press release 25 Feb 2021
press release 05 Feb 2021
commentary 05 Feb 2021
This commentary examines what we know from available data about how the total size of the migrant population has changed in 2020.
press release 26 Nov 2020
commentary 23 Nov 2020
This commentary answers some common questions about the proposed new policy of creating a special immigration route for British National (Overseas) citizens (BNOs) and its implications
press release 24 Sep 2020
commentary 11 Sep 2020
This commentary examines the findings of the Pew and GLA studies. It also looks at how these findings were produced, and highlights their high degree of uncertainty.
press release 11 Sep 2020
press release 27 Aug 2020
press release 14 Aug 2020
commentary 29 Jun 2020
This commentary looks at the government’s projected impacts of the post-Brexit ‘points-based’ immigration system.
commentary 26 Jun 2020
commentary 24 Jun 2020
This commentary discusses the new immigration bill before Parliament and what it will mean if passed into law.
press release 21 May 2020
commentary 27 Apr 2020
This commentary answers some frequently asked questions about the planned immigration system and its potential implication.
press release 16 Apr 2020
press release 17 Mar 2020
press release 27 Feb 2020
press release 28 Jan 2020
commentary 28 Jan 2020
press release 20 Jan 2020
press release 28 Nov 2019
commentary 13 Nov 2019
press release 08 Nov 2019
press release 30 Sep 2019
press release 22 Aug 2019
press release 21 Aug 2019
press release 17 Jul 2019
commentary 18 Jun 2019
press release 18 Jun 2019
press release 24 May 2019
commentary 23 May 2019
Migration Observatory Response to the ONS Migration Statistics Engagement Report
press release 28 Feb 2019
Continued uncertainty about the UK’s place in the EU was reflected in the latest net migration statistics, with EU net migration declining by 70% since the referendum and at the lowest level since 2009, the Migration Observatory at the University of Oxford said today.
commentary 19 Feb 2019
What can we say about where them immigration system is heading after Brexit? What questions remain unanswered?
press release 19 Dec 2018
commentary 14 Dec 2018
press release 29 Nov 2018
commentary 17 Oct 2018
press release 30 Aug 2018
press release 23 Aug 2018
commentary 16 Jul 2018
Estimates of the numbers of EU citizens living in the UK are not precise.
press release 16 Jul 2018
EU net migration is at its lowest since the post economic crisis figures from 2012-13
commentary 20 Jun 2018
Looks at the implications of new plans to exempt doctors and nurses from the Tier 2 visa cap.
press release 12 Apr 2018
Substantial numbers of UK residents could be at risk of losing their legal status after Brexit, a new Migration Observatory report shows.
commentary 29 Mar 2018
Illustrates the effects of a £60,000 threshold on eligibility for work visas in different high-skilled occupations
press release 29 Mar 2018
press release 22 Feb 2018
New data showing declines in net migration highlights futility of focusing on a single headline figure.
press release 13 Dec 2017
New report examines the choices involved in designing an application system.
press release 30 Nov 2017
press release 25 Oct 2017
press release 24 Aug 2017
commentary 22 Jun 2017
The Migration Observatory was awarded the ESRC prize for Outstanding Impact in Society
commentary 21 Jun 2017
Looks at what we know about migration to and from the UK since the EU referendum.
press release 21 Jun 2017
press release 25 May 2017
commentary 24 May 2017
Outlines the migration related policies presented by the three main national UK parties in their manifestos for the 2017 general election
commentary 04 May 2017
Explains the policies introduced to reduce net migration since 2010 and reasons why the target has not been met.
commentary 21 Apr 2017
Examines the ways in which the devaluation of the pound after the EU-referendum can affect migration to the UK
press release 21 Apr 2017
commentary 22 Mar 2017
Provides key data and links to importance pieces in anticipation of Article 50 being triggered
press release 22 Mar 2017
press release 23 Feb 2017
commentary 23 Feb 2017
Understanding the datasets that will inform the post-referendum debate on migration.
press release 27 Jan 2017
press release 01 Dec 2016
Grants of permanent residence to EEA citizens doubled over the past year.
press release 07 Nov 2016
Over the past decade, British newspapers focussed more on the scale of immigration, EU migration and the need for “control”.
press release 25 Aug 2016
New data show net migration to the UK relatively stable before the EU referendum.
commentary 03 Aug 2016
What will happen to the over 3 million EU citizens living in the UK?
press release 03 Aug 2016
The existing application process gives an indication of some of the issues the government may face post-Brexit.
press release 13 Jul 2016
New publications illustrating how migration has shaped the composition of school and university students over the past two decades
press release 09 Jun 2016
The Migration Observatory has published a review of unresolved questions about future migration policies following the EU referendum.
commentary 09 Jun 2016
It is not possible to know exactly how a vote to leave the EU would affect migration to the UK.
press release 26 May 2016
Official migration statistics released before the EU referendum show that net migration to the UK stood at 333,000 in 2015.
press release 12 May 2016
Long-term migration estimates fail to capture a range of potentially important changes in migration trends.
press release 06 May 2016
Employers in different sectors of the UK economy could be affected in very different ways if measures were introduced to restrict the jobs that EU migrant workers can occupy following a vote for the UK to leave the EU.
press release 04 May 2016
A comprehensive guide to data on EU migrants and welfare has been published to inform the public debate in the run-up to the EU referendum.
commentary 13 Apr 2016
What makes the UK such an attractive destination for migrants?
press release 13 Apr 2016
Three crisis-hit Eurozone countries rank alongside eastern European accession countries as the EU member states whose UK-resident populations have grown the most between 2011 and 2015.
commentary 10 Mar 2016
The outcomes of Brexit are uncertain and fall into two categories: policy and the impacts of policy.
press release 10 Mar 2016
It is not possible to estimate the economic impacts of post-Brexit migration with any confidence.
press release 25 Feb 2016
New data show that annual net migration to the UK stood at 323,000 in the year to September 2015, which means net migration has now exceeded 300,000 for almost two years.
press release 27 Jan 2016
A majority (55%) of British women and people under 30 (53%) are excluded from bringing a spouse or family member from outside the EU to live with them in the UK.
press release 26 Nov 2015
Net migration to the UK remains at record levels, standing at 336,000 in the year ending June 2015.
commentary 24 Nov 2015
How should the UK decide how many refugees to take? One of the reasons this has been such a difficult question is that there are many different lenses through which it can be viewed.
press release 27 Aug 2015
Net migration to the UK reached a record 330,000 in the year ending March 2015 and the size of the foreign-born population reached 8,277,000.
commentary 25 Aug 2015
The number of UK residents who were born abroad is likely to exceed 8 million for the first time in 2014.
commentary 16 Jul 2015
Recent trends and in EU migration and the countries of birth of EU migrants living in the UK.
press release 16 Jul 2015
EU citizens living in the UK are more likely to be working in high-skilled jobs if they were born outside of the EU.
press release 26 Jun 2015
A comprehensive census analysis of the population of Northern Ireland born outside the United Kingdom (UK) and Republic of Ireland (RoI).
commentary 25 Jun 2015
Where do students fit in the immigration system, what do we know about how they contribute to net migration, and what would it mean to 'take them out' of the net migration target.
press release 21 May 2015
New data from the ONS highlight the continued difficulty the government will face in any attempt to reduce net migration to the tens of thousands.
commentary 14 May 2015
The return of the Conservative Party to government has a number of interesting ramifications for migration, including an EU referendum and the continuation of the net migration target.
commentary 16 Apr 2015
How has the state of immigration changed in the UK over the past five years?
commentary 29 Mar 2015
One way to get a picture of how migration has been changing over a period of several years is to look at the numbers and characteristics of 'recent migrant workers' (RMWs) who arrived in the UK within the past five years.
press release 06 Mar 2015
This new analysis is the result of a statistical exercise to provide a more up to date estimate of the migrant populations of local areas in England than the 2011 Census.
commentary 27 Feb 2015
How did net migration become the measure by which the government’s immigration policy is judged?
press release 26 Feb 2015
Success in stimulating economic growth and job creation appears to be a key factor in undermining efforts to reduce net migration.
commentary 17 Feb 2015
Security is a persistent theme in immigration debates, particularly after media coverage of crimes perpetrated by migrants or members of distinct diaspora communities, or acts of terrorism involving these groups.
commentary 30 Dec 2014
A year after labour market controls on A2 migrants came to an end, what do we know about what has actually happened?
press release 30 Dec 2014
Analysis shows that the end of 'transitional controls' on A2 migrants has not so far caused a sharp rise in numbers.
commentary 27 Nov 2014
Today’s net migration estimate is further confirmation that the net migration target will be missed.
press release 27 Nov 2014
It has been clear for more than three years that government policies alone were not enough to hit the “tens of thousands” net migration target.
commentary 17 Nov 2014
The minimum income restriction has important indirect effects across gender, ethnicity, education, age and place of residence.
commentary 28 Oct 2014
What do we know about these EU migrants who are now at the centre of political discussion in the UK?
commentary 24 Oct 2014
This commentary considers four key aspects of the Calais situation: the background, definitions of 'illegal' immigrants and asylum seekers, existing data and the role of policies.
commentary 01 Sep 2014
Economic estimates are important, but limited in that they cannot resolve important judgements about the type of society people want.
press release 28 Aug 2014
New figures from the ONS show that net migration to the UK in the year ending March 2014 stood at 243,000, its highest level since 2011.
press release 18 Aug 2014
British tabloid newspapers repeatedly associated Romanians - but not Bulgarians - with criminality and anti-social behaviour during 2012-2013.
press release 03 Jul 2014
There has been a decline of 28% in the number of highly-skilled recent migrant workers in the UK since 2007.
commentary 24 Jun 2014
In the last two centuries, Scotland’s population change has been characterised more by emigration than by immigration.
press release 12 Jun 2014
A complete profile of the migrant population in Yorkshire and the Humber shows that the area’s foreign-born population has increased by nearly 80% in the last decade.
commentary 15 May 2014
When the Scottish government released its White Paper outlining what an independent Scotland might look like, migration policy was a small but essential element of it.
commentary 14 May 2014
Bold claims about how little effect the lifting of labour market restrictions will have on the numbers of Romanians and Bulgarians working in the UK over the next year are premature.
press release 14 May 2014
The number of A2 migrants employed in the UK increased by more than 28,000 compared to the same period last year but decreased after 1 January.
commentary 12 May 2014
New data will provide the first evidence about the number of A2 workers in the UK after the lifting of the restrictions.
press release 01 May 2014
Census data from across the EU shows more than 1 million UK-born people living in other EU countries, less than half the number of EU-born people residing in the UK in the same period.
press release 10 Apr 2014
A new report from the ONS has concluded that net migration estimates from 2001-2011 were considerably higher than earlier estimates showed.
commentary 02 Apr 2014
Who actually counts as a migrant in Scotland? And will that change if Scotland votes for independence?
commentary 06 Mar 2014
Are the conclusions of the Home Office/BIS report very different to those of the MAC report?
press release 04 Mar 2014
Arsyllfa Ymfudo Prifysgol Rhydychen yn rhyddhau dadansoddiad cynhwysfawr o’r cyfrifiad yng nghyswllt ymfudwyr yng Nghymru
press release 04 Mar 2014
Oxford University’s Migration Observatory releases comprehensive census analysis of migrants in Wales.
press release 27 Feb 2014
New figures released today by the ONS show that net migration increased by 58,000, to 212,000
press release 21 Feb 2014
Most Romanian and Bulgarian (A2) nationals working in the UK before 2014 had full access to the welfare state despite “transitional controls” designed, in part, to limit access to it.
commentary 21 Feb 2014
Who actually counts as a 'benefit tourist' or a 'health tourist', and how much do they cost the UK?
press release 10 Feb 2014
Scotland has significantly lower levels of concern about immigration than England and Wales, but views on the subject are strongly associated with voting intentions in the referendum.
press release 09 Feb 2014
Oxford University’s Migration Observatory releases comprehensive census analysis of the region.
commentary 17 Dec 2013
There is a lack of official estimates about how many migrants from Romania and Bulgaria may arrive in the UK, and it will be several months before any official data shows the actual level of migration from these countries.
press release 02 Dec 2013
Scotland’s foreign-born population increased by 93% between 2001 and 2011 – a bigger proportional increase than England, Wales or Northern Ireland.
commentary 02 Dec 2013
There are several different ways of characterising the change that has happened in Scotland, all of which are accurate, but all of which may elicit different responses to the change.
press release 28 Nov 2013
New ONS data shows that estimated net migration increased to 182,000 in the year to June 2013 from 167,000 in the same period last year.
press release 25 Nov 2013
Oxford University’s Migration Observatory releases comprehensive census analysis of the region.
press release 13 Oct 2013
The South West has one of the smallest foreign-born populations of any of the 10 regions of England and Wales.
press release 09 Oct 2013
The South East has the largest proportion of foreign-born residents (12.1%) of any of England and Wales’ ten regions after London.
press release 13 Sep 2013
Significant questions remain unanswered about how Scottish immigration policy will work after the independence referendum - irrespective of the outcome of the vote.
commentary 13 Sep 2013
Outlines the differences between Scotland and the rest of the UK in migration policy, dynamics and attitudes, and considers the implications of migration issues for Scottish independence.
press release 09 Sep 2013
The East of England now has the third largest migrant population of the ten regions of England and Wales, rising from fourth place in 2001
press release 29 Aug 2013
New data shows that net migration for the year ending December 2012 is estimated to have been 176,000 – an increase of 23,000 from the previous quarter.
commentary 29 Aug 2013
A particular challenge for the government is that declining emigration – which fell by more than 20,000 – is the primary cause of the recent increase in net migration.
press release 15 Aug 2013
The West Midlands migrant population has increased by almost 60% since 2001, with the third largest proportion of foreign-born residents.
press release 08 Aug 2013
Analysis of more than 40 million words used by British national newspapers to describe immigration and migrants over the past three years.
commentary 14 Jul 2013
International students make the single biggest contribution to non-EU immigration to the UK, and have been a key focus of policies aimed at reducing overall net migration.
press release 04 Jul 2013
The East Midlands migrant population has increased by nearly 80%, but still has a smaller than average proportion of migrants.
press release 23 May 2013
New ONS data show the lowest net migration for a decade, significantly exceeding the government’s projected impact of its own policy changes.
commentary 23 May 2013
Public opinion and commentators have been sceptical about the chances of the net migration target being reached.
commentary 24 Apr 2013
Since migration policy ultimately rests on value judgments as well as costs and benefits, the evidence base may be a crucial underpinning for the debate, but will never be the whole story.
commentary 13 Apr 2013
The Observatory is, and will remain, committed to independent analysis of data relating to immigration and other migration issues affecting the UK.
press release 28 Feb 2013
The government is more than halfway toward its goal of reducing net migration to its ‘tens of thousands’ net migration target.
press release 15 Feb 2013
It is impossible to predict the number of A2 migrants who will come to the UK when they gain full access to the EU labour market in 2014.
commentary 08 Feb 2013
There is, at present, no sound method for working out how many Romanians and Bulgarians will come.
commentary 12 Dec 2012
The release of new data from the 2011 Census provides a wealth of information about the foreign-born populations of England and Wales.
press release 11 Dec 2012
Census data shows that the foreign-born population of England and Wales increased from 4.6 million in 2001 to 7.5 million in 2011.
commentary 07 Dec 2012
The recent decline in student immigration follows a series of policies introduced by the coalition government to reduce overall net migration.
press release 29 Nov 2012
Net migration has fallen significantly – from 242,000 in the year to March 2011 to 183,000 in the year to March 2012.
commentary 19 Sep 2012
Better understanding what members of the British public think about student immigration is of critical importance to the current policy debate in the UK.
press release 05 Sep 2012
Using immigration policy to keep the UK’s population under 70 million would only be achievable by radical policy change and deep cuts to net migration.
press release 30 Aug 2012
For the first time the ONS has released the margins of error associated with its net migration estimates.
commentary 30 Aug 2012
The ONS has provided an indication of the uncertainty surrounding its estimates of net migration, which is an important and helpful change to the presentation of official migration statistics.
press release 16 Jul 2012
A reasonable debate about population limits is only possible if it is based on a comprehensive assessment of impacts.
press release 29 Jun 2012
Freedom of movement within the EU is responsible for more than a quarter of overall net migration in the UK
commentary 29 Jun 2012
How exactly does EU citizens’ right to freedom of movement affect migration to and from the UK?
commentary 24 May 2012
The data suggest that the government still has a very long way to go if it hopes to hit its target of net migration in the ‘tens of thousands’ by 2015.
commentary 13 Apr 2012
Has the UK experienced more immigration than other high-income countries?
press release 29 Feb 2012
Any short-term cut to net migration brought about by reductions in immigration will be partially reversed in the long-term because of declining emigration.
commentary 29 Feb 2012
Even if the government manages to achieve their net migration target by 2015, net migration is unlikely to be sustained at that level because there will be a “bounce” caused by reduced emigration in the following years.
commentary 01 Feb 2012
We do not have good enough data to calculate what proportion of new jobs in the economy migrants are taking up.
commentary 18 Jan 2012
Recent contradictory reports on the labour market effects of immigration in the UK suggest that there is no absolute answer to whether migration affects employment rates.
press release 10 Jan 2012
At the root of many disagreements in immigration policy making and public debates is the question: “Whose interests should policy benefit?”
press release 28 Nov 2011
There may not be a direct link between the scale of immigration to an area and public support for cuts to immigration.
commentary 28 Nov 2011
A Migration Observatory survey showed extremely interesting regional variations that suggest some pronounced differences between views in different parts of the country.
press release 24 Nov 2011
The government would have to cut net migration from outside the EU by at least 70% if it is to hit its target of cutting total net migration to the tens of thousands.
commentary 27 Oct 2011
A brief look at how the skilled worker cap works and what else might be affecting employers of migrants who would be covered by it.
press release 16 Oct 2011
People’s opinions on the type of migrants coming to the UK have been obscured by a focus on numbers.
commentary 25 Aug 2011
A steep rise in net migration from Eastern Europe raises the question of whether government policies to cut net migration from outside the EU may be stimulating a demand for more EU workers.
commentary 12 Aug 2011
High-income countries around the world are major receivers of remittances.
commentary 20 Jul 2011
Most politicians have skirted the issue of what size the population of the UK should actually be.
press release 21 Jun 2011
The government is set to miss its net migration target by more than 65,000.
commentary 20 Jun 2011
There is significant uncertainty about any assessments of the impacts of policy changes on future net migration.
commentary 17 Jun 2011
Reforming the family migration route is the last of the four key elements in the government’s ongoing reform of immigration.
press release 26 May 2011
the government risks ignoring a suite of vital information that tells us much more about how migration are changing the UK.
commentary 26 May 2011
Focusing only on long-term net migration risks failing to consider other vital data about migration in the UK – not least, how many migrants are actually here.
commentary 23 May 2011
Reducing net migration is likely to be dependent not only on reducing the number of migrants entering the UK, but also on boosting the number of people who leave.
commentary 29 Apr 2011
What will the lifting of the WRS mean for A8 migration to the UK?
commentary 14 Apr 2011
It is clear that achieving the net-migration target of the tens of thousands presents an enourmous challenge.
commentary 05 Apr 2011
What else could the government do to effectively regulate labour immigration?
press release 04 Apr 2011
Reveals ten key problems with the UK’s evidence base on migration – with profound implications for public debate and policy making.
commentary 01 Apr 2011
The Coalition government announced plans that will, they say, reduce the number of student visas issued by 70-80,000
commentary 29 Mar 2011
The Migration Observatory is designed to provide a solid, independent source of analysis that anyone can use to understand migration and immigration issues.
press release 25 Mar 2011
The Migration Observatory is a major new initiative aimed at helping to inform the public debate on migration and immigration.
commentary 11 Feb 2011
British people are more opposed to immigration than all of the other countries surveyed - even though several of these countries have higher levels of immigration and illegal immigration than the UK.