UPDATED: 5 June 2019 to include country of origin breakdown from Census data
Commonwealth migrants arriving before 1971, England and Wales, 2011 Census
|Holds UK passport||541,616||90%|
|Does not hold UK passport, of which:||57,462||10%|
|- Commonwealth passport||34,447||6%|
|- No passport||21,053||4%|
|- Other non-UK passport||1,962||0.3%|
Note: Figures are for England and Wales only. The Census 2011 figures differ from analysis based on the Labour Force Survey (see below) in various ways. First, Census collected information on passports held (i.e. the physical document) rather than self-reported nationality. This enables a distinction between people with a UK or non-UK passport vs. those with no passport at all. People with no passport could be either UK or non-UK citizens.
Note that the figures do not directly indicate the number of people who cannot document their legal status in the UK. People without passports may have other proof such as immigration status documents or certificates of naturalisation.
Census figures are a count of the population rather than an estimate based on survey data, and so are more accurate. They also include people who are excluded from the LFS, such as people living in communal establishments.
Commonwealth migrants who arrived in the UK before 1971, by place of birth and passports held
|Census 2011||Number of respondents in 2011 Census||As a percentage of those with…|
|UK passport||Non-UK passport||No passport||Total||UK passport||Non-UK passport||No passport||Total|
|All Commonwealth countries||541,616||36,409||21,053||599,078||All Commonwealth countries||100%||100%||100%||100%|
|Americas and Caribbean||149,338||10,163||7,529||167,030||Americas and Caribbean||28%||28%||36%||28%|
|Asia, Oceania, Antarctica||273,526||21,775||9,228||304,529||Asia, Oceania, Antarctica||51%||60%||44%||51%|
|Other Europe||1,175||10||11||1,196||Other Europe||0%||0%||0%||0%|
|Selected Commonwealth countries of birth, arrived 1931-1970||UK passport||Non-UK passport||No passport||Total||Selected Commonwealth countries of birth, arrived 1931-1970||UK passport||Non-UK passport||No passport||Total|
|South Africa||14,240||492||1,060||15,792||South Africa||3%||1%||5%||3%|