Appendix A: Survey questions and responses

Where results do not sum to 100, this may be due to multiple responses, computer rounding, or weighting.

Question 1 Do you think the number of immigrants coming to Britain nowadays should be increased, reduced or should it remain the same? Base: All respondents

Detailed results
%
Increased a lot4
Increased a little2
Remain the same19
Reduced a little24
Reduced a lot
45
Don’t know7
Condensed results%
Increased (combined)6
Remain the same19
Reduced (combined)69

Question 2 When you think about immigrants coming to and living in Britain, which of these groups would you normally think about? Please read out all the letters that apply.Base: All respondents

 %
BCitizens of non-EU countries62
ACitizens of EU countries (excluding Britain)51
CPeople who came to Britain as foreign nationals and became naturalised as British citizens40
FPeople born in Britain to parents who came to Britain as foreign nationals (sometimes known as the “second generation”)12
DBritish citizens who were born abroad to British parents and then moved to the UK11
EBritish citizens who were born in Britain, moved abroad for several years, and then returned to Britain7
 None of these
3
 Don’t know6

Question 3 Some people come to Britain from other countries to visit; others come to live here temporarily; still others come to stay permanently. When you think about immigrants, which of these groups of people are you generally thinking about? Please read out all the letters that apply.Base: All respondents

 %
D
People who stay in Britain permanently62
CPeople who stay in Britain for over five years but not permanently30
BPeople who stay in Britain for between one year and five years27
APeople who stay in Britain for less than one year15
 None of these3
 Don’t know7

Question 4 People come to Britain for different purposes. When you think about “immigrants,” which of these types of people do you normally have in mind? Please read out all the letters that apply.Base: All respondents

 %
DPeople who come here to apply for refugee status (asylum)62
A
People who come here to work at paid jobs52
BPeople who come here to live with their spouse or civil partner34
CPeople who come here to study29
 None of these4
 Don’t know6

Question 5 You have said that you would prefer to see immigration reduced. Among which of these groups would you like to see immigration reduced?Base: All who think the number of immigrants coming to Britain should be reduced (676)

 %
Only illegal immigrants
28
Mostly illegal immigrants26
Equally among illegal and legal immigrants35
Mostly legal immigrants4
Only legal immigrants3
Don’t know5

Question 6 You have said that you would not like to see immigration reduced, but perhaps you would make a distinction between legal and illegal immigration. Which of these statements comes closest to your view about illegal immigration? Please read out the letter that applies.Base: All who think the number of immigrants coming to Britain should be kept the same or increased (247)

Detailed results%
A
I feel strongly that illegal immigration should be reduced39
BI tend to feel that illegal immigration should be reduced21
CI don’t mind whether illegal immigration is reduced or not18
DI tend to feel that illegal immigration should not be reduced6
EI feel strongly that illegal immigration should not be reduced6
 Don’t know10
Condensed results%
 Illegal immigration should be reduced (combined)61
 I don’t mind whether illegal immigration is reduced or not18
 Illegal immigration should not be reduced (combined)12

Question 7 Some people come to live in Britain for a few years and then return to their country of origin; others come to live in Britain for many years or for the rest of their lives. Please tell us if you think each of these groups of immigrants should be increased, kept the same, or reduced.Base: All respondents

 (1)
Temporary immigrants
(staying in Britain
for a few years)
%
(2)
Permanent immigrants
(staying in Britain for
most or all of their lives)
%
Detailed results
Increased a lot56
Increased a little54
Remain the same3122
Reduced a little1920
Reduced a lot2838
Don’t care22
Don’t know109
Condensed results
Increased (combined)1010
Remain the same3122
Reduced (combined)4758

Question 8 Policies on immigration often affect specific groups of people coming to Britain. For each of the following groups, please tell us whether the number of people coming to Britain should be increased, reduced or kept the same.Base: All respondents


(1)
University students



%
(2)*
English language students


%
(3)**
Further education students


%
(4)***
Non-British immediate family members

%
(5)****
Non-British extended family members

%
(6)
Applicants for refugee status (asylum)
%
Detailed results
Increased a lot5
5
4
5
4
5
Increased a little
101110646
Remain the same4240423623
22
Reduced a little161415151918
Reduced a lot151917263838
Don’t care343322
Don’t know9889910
Condensed results
Increased (combined)15161411810
Remain the same424042362322
Reduced (combined)313332415856

(2)* Students coming here to learn English in language schools

(3)** Students in other courses of study (further education)

(4)*** Husbands, wives, partners, and children under age 18 of British citizens and permanent residents

(5)**** Grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, children over age 18 of British citizens and permanent residents

Question 9 For each of the following groups of migrant workers, please tell us whether you think immigration should be reduced, increased, or kept the same.Base: All respondents

 (1)
Most high-
skilled
workers

%

(2)
Most low- skilled workers

%

(3)*
Business
and
finance
profes-
sionals
%
(4)
IT
Specialists



%
(5)
Care workers for older people

%
(6)**
Construc-
tion
labourers


%
(7)
Scientists
and
research-
ers

%
(8)***
Rest-
aurant
staff


%
Detailed results
Increased a lot6
3
3
3
6
3
6
4
Increased a little
15491111617
3
Remain the same39203533322436
26
Reduced a little14201617152014
21
Reduced a lot17442424263716
38
Don’t care1132122
1
Don’t know88101098 88
Condensed results
Increased (combined)2071214179 246
Remain the same3920353332243626
Reduced (combined)3264404140573058 

(3)* Investment bankers, fund managers, etc.

(6)** Bricklayers, roofers, etc.

(8)*** Waiters, waitresses, bartenders

Question 10 Which of the following best describes your citizenship and place of birth?Base: All respondents

Table 10%
British citizen, born in Britain84
British citizen, born abroad5
Non-British citizen, born in Britain1
Non-British citizen, born abroad6
Don’t know3

Understanding public opinion